Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza's colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor's hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities. Top things to do in Egypt, start with an authentic breakfast (cooked fava beans, tameya, fried or boiled eggs, fresh fries, cheese with tomato, green pepper and the traditional baladi bread. Ride a came, take a walk in the Khan el-Khalili, eat kushari, go sandboarding, cruise the Nile, Discover Islamic Cairo, Drink Asab El sokar, tour Egypt’s Pharaonic Sites and Dive in the Red sea.